The Effectivity of Cold Compress and Warm Compress to Intensity Level of Menstrual Pain (Dysmenorrhea)
Author : Mukhoirotin, Kurniawati, Diah Ayu Fatmawati
Affiliation : Nursing Science Program, Faculty of Health Science, Unipdu Jombang, Indonesia
Abstract : Introduction
Dysmenorrhea is defined as a painful episode during or just before getting menstruation, it is the most uterine problem for women in any ages. Nonpharmacological treatments to solve the problem include cold and warm compress methods. However, there has no extensive studies found concerning the effectivity of both methods. The aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of cold and warm compress on intensity level of menstrual pain (Dismenorea).
The research design used Quasy Experiment with Pretest-Posttest approach and applied Purposive Sampling technique. Populati on in the research was students of FIK Unipdu Jombang with sample 40 respondents and selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. The Instrument to measure pain intensity was NRS (Numeric Rating Scale), data were analyzed using Paired T-Test and Independent Paired T-Test, with significance level α ≤ 0,05.
The results showed that before applying the treatment, the intensity of menstrual pain in both groups were similar (p> 0.05). However, after the treatment implementation, it has been found that Intensity of menstrual pain decreased significantly from 5.95 - 2.75 in cold compress group whereas from 6.80 to 3.55 in warm compress (p <0.05). The statistical test results showed that after the treatment, there was no significant difference between cold and warm compress groups (2.75 ± 1.45 vs 3.55 ± 1.19).
Cold and warm compress were effective for reducing intensity of menstrual pain and it might an alternative of intervention for reducing menstrual pain.
Keywords : Menstruation Pain; Cold Compress; Warm Compress